Any substance, even a change in temperature, may trigger an allergy. We list the four most common ones.
It is said that every person in the world is allergic to something or another. An allergy is the body’s response to physical or even visual stimuli that may cause a physiological change in the person. For example, eating certain foods like peanuts may trigger a respiratory allergy in several children. Similarly, some people break out in goose bumps or hives when they watch certain (what appear to them) unpleasant things such as objects in a cluster or a pile of garbage.
While it may not be possible to treat every allergy, it is possible to control one’s exposure to the offending stimuli that trigger those allergies in the first place. Pollen, dust, climate change, dust mites, fungus, plastic and latex are some of the common allergy triggers. There are a variety of allergies that people suffer from, but there are four most common allergies. These are:
This is an inflammation of the nasal passages and the throat on exposure to dust, smoke, mites living on the bodies of pets and bacterial microorganisms present in air. In its mildest form, the allergy is temporary and appears with abrupt symptoms such as a runny nose and scratchy throat. If the condition is a more chronic one, it can cause the throat to feel swollen and heavier. It can congest the sinus and cause heavy cold and difficulty in breathing. Identifying the trigger and keeping it away at all times is important to alleviate the condition.
2. Hives and Welts
This is an allergic reaction to stimuli in the air or in the immediate physical surroundings such as bedding, clothes and working desks. The skin breaks out temporarily into red bumpy rashes that may also be itchy. The reasons for hives and welts are varied – they can be caused by high amounts of stress, fear and anxiety, the body’s response to certain chemicals or food substances, and even contact with insects or ticks. The rash normally disappears after a while, but a persistent, extremely itchy rash must be shown to the doctor.
3. Food Hypersensitivity
This is one of the most common allergies, and it is a reaction to certain food substances, or even the chemical composition of certain food and drink. For instance, some people may be allergic to the enzymes in eggs, or they may experience an adverse reaction to peanuts, certain cooking oils, dried fruit, seeds and even certain kinds of sugars. The allergy shows itself as a swollen tongue, an inflamed throat and a runny nose. In extreme sensitivity, the sufferer may have to carry an epi pen or emergency respiratory sprays.
4. Drug Reactions
These are allergies attributed to a person’s system disagreeing with certain chemicals in their medication. Most people anticipate a certain amount of side effects to drugs, and the allergy may be temporary and go away entirely once the medication is stopped. In some cases, however, the allergy can become a serious problem requiring medical intervention. Regular use of antibiotics can trigger such allergies as increased yeast in the body and on the skin, a disruption in digestive processes, hair fall, acidity, acne and even changes in the skin colour.